Repatriation, missile threats, effects of skill levels on migration outcomes, and more
Updated: Nov 7
Reacting to the executive order signed by US President Joe Biden, which effectively outlaws American economic dealings with Nicaragua's gold industry, as well as the US Treasury Department's sanctions against Nicaraguan mines, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, said that these will only serve to increase the number of irregular migrants who cross the border into the US.
A first flight carrying Venezuelan migrants voluntarily returning to their homeland from Mexico departed on Tuesday, according to two Mexican officials. The plane, operated by Venezuela's state airline, left Mexico City's Felipe Angeles International Airport destined for Caracas, the sources said. Officials said the flight was set to carry about 100 Venezuelans, who were in Mexico without proper documentation.
In response to an increase in Egyptian immigration to Europe, the European Union and Egypt on Sunday inked an agreement for the first phase of an 80 million euro border control initiative, according to a statement from the EU office in Cairo. The project is intended to help Egypt's coast and border guards block irregular migration and human trafficking along its border and will fund the purchase of surveillance tools like satellite positioning systems, search and rescue boats, and thermal cameras.
The first group of Syrian refugees in Lebanon to return home under a new repatriation plan will depart on Wednesday, but few have expressed interest in signing up in the run-down camps in the central Bekaa Valley. Rights groups worry that repatriation is likely not voluntary and that coercive approaches such as those already implemented in Turkey, may be used to force migrants out of Lebanon.
According to German NGO, Sea-Watch, the Libyan coast guard threatened to shoot down the former's humanitarian aircraft with a missile over international waters. The aircraft was monitoring Libyan authorities as they sank a migrant boat and pulled migrants out from the sea. Dramatic audio and video of the encounter were published on social media, lending credence to concerns that the EU's deals with regimes in Africa, aimed at preventing African migrants from reaching Europe, are leading to increased risks for, and human rights violations of, migrants.
Opinion and analysis
Demographic, social, and environmental factors, and their interplay with migration regulations, all play a significant role in affecting international migration patterns. In this study, the authors find that migration increases welfare in developing countries, and closes the inequality gap both within and between these countries.
Are migration policies really growing less restrictive? A study tracking migration data for 45 countries for the years between 1945 and 2014 investigates the truth.
An estimated 400,000 Russians have fled their country in the aftermath of Russia announcing a military draft to mobilise men to fight in the war in Ukraine. Bram Frouws explores the question of how Europe should deal with Russian refugees.